Research team:

Catarina Tomé Pires (principal investigator – PI) from the Psychology Research Centre (CIP) from the Autonomous University of Lisbon (UAL), Genta Kulari (co-investigator) from the Psychology Research Centre (CIP) from the Autonomous University of Lisbon (UAL) and Ana Cristina Pires (co-investigator) from the Instituto Superior Técnico de Lisboa from the University of Lisbon


Everyday pain (i.e., minor scratches, bruises) during the formative childhood period has been largely neglected, however, such daily pain episodes provide an optimal opportunity for young children to learn about pain. The comparative lack of research into everyday pain among children has highlighted that, while the potential array of “everyday" pain is vast, it is unclear how children conceptualize these experiences while exploring coping strategies to deal with daily pain. These experiences involve not only learning opportunities related to direct exposure for children but include opportunities for learning through subsequent interactions with others in their environment (e.g., parent, educators, peers). Guided by the social learning theory, this is the first study to conduct a mixed method measuring everyday pain conceptualization reported by pre-school children 3 to 6 years old as the mainstream of literature is focused on clinical pain and data reported exclusively by parents. It seeks to understand how social contexts, including parent/caregiver behaviour and sex, impact children's everyday pain experiences. Outcomes may provide groundbreaking insights for broadening our understanding of pain at an early age and its relationship with parents’ responses to pain contributing to future lines of research.

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