AUTONOMOUS FAMILIES: A TAYLORED MULTIDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH & INTERVENTION
Multiproblem families present several indicators of vulnerability, being characterized by a plurality of problems, as well as relational and communicational problems that tend to persist across generations. These families are often in a psychosocial situation of risk and sociocultural deprivation, perpetuating the cycle of poverty. This project with a mixed methodology follows a research-action approach aiming to promote family skills and empowerment. “Give power” to these vulnerable families, through a multidisciplinary family centered intervention. It will contribute to improve their resilience, autonomy, and self-organization capacity to deal with problematic situations, promoting reflection and the experience of new ways of interaction. This project includes different waves of assessment (baseline and treatment efficacy) of individual and family variables.
THE IMPORTANCE OF RELATIONSHIPS TO SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING
Personality; attachment; cultural values; love concepts; relationship satisfaction and experiences. The moderation of culture: Portugal; Mozambique; United States of America
Iolanda Costa Galinha
NEW WORK RESEARCH PROJECT: THE NEW WORK AND IT’S IMPACTS.
Globalisation and technological advancement are transforming the world of work. Individuals, groups and organisations are currently facing new demands and health risks related to this change. Flexibilization stemming from the new economic and social contexts of work, as well as factors associated with work management, are generating biopsychosocial risks that can lead to phenomena such as burnout or work-life imbalance. Within this framework innovation, creativity and lifelong learning have become key issues for the survival and growth of organisations and for the employability and progress of individuals. The overall aim of this project is to investigate how this change towards a phenomenon of “new work” is transforming and promoting biopsychosocial risks and, based on this knowledge, to contribute towards the development of a work-as-a-promoter-of-achievement paradigm.
Luísa Ribeiro (CIP-UAL)
Michael Leiter (Deakin University (Austrália)
Katerine Osatuke (NCOD/VHA, EUA)
Saúl de Jesus
Sandra Queiroz (Escola Sup. Enfermagem S. Francisco das Misericórdias)
ASSOCIATIONS AMONG SLEEP QUALITY, BULLYING, ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE, AND BEHAVIORS IN CLASSROOM IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN
To study the association between sleep characteristics and sleep quality and bullying behaviors in primary school children.
Evaluation materials repository for second language learners in an educational context.
Evaluation materials repository for second language learners in an educational context.This project aims to prepare a set of assessment and intervention tools, with 15 language tasks, aiming students that learn Portuguese as second language (PLNM. Assessment tools are being adapted and validated to those immigrants attending Portuguese schools. After validation, these materials will be available to the school community in an electronic repository of the national education system. School practices and the lack of research about the processes and cognitive processing in a second language is the basis of this research taking place in the following organization: (1) instruments validation; (2) data analysis and creation of cognitive and linguistic profiles of minority language groups; (3) analysis of the teachers representations about PLNM; (4) results comparison with the American school system andcognitive and linguistic profiles of their students; (5) construction of instruments repository.
Margarida Alves Martins (ISPA)
Carlos Fernandes (CINTESIS-UA)
Psychosocial determinants of individual differences and burnout in dementia caregiver: A longitudinal study
Caregiving is challenging for everyone involved. It entails being under a chronically stressful process capable of altering the informal caregivers (ICs) psychosocial functioning. Research indicates that caring for a relative with dementia is associated with an increased risk of suffering mental and physical health declines. However, there is still much debate about the specific pathways through which caregiving impacts upon mental and physical health. There is a great individual variability in the way caregivers cope with this difficult experience and adjust to this role. Thus, it is of high importance to identify factors (from patient, caregiver and patient-caregiver relationship) that can create greater vulnerability to, or protection against, the negative effects of caregiving. The objective of this project is to examine and better understand the individual variability in psychosocial functioning of ICs responses to caregiving. Using a sample of patients with dementia and their caregivers, we hope to characterize psychosocial functioning of ICs and explore the role played by other variables (attachment, emotion regulation, coping, family functioning) in explaining individual differences in these processes. We hope with this project to be able to identify ICs that are at greater risk. Moreover, we aim to gather knowledge to inform the development of psychosocial interventions targeting ICs needs.
Francisco Moniz Pereira (Centro Hospitalar Psiquiátrico de Lisboa)
Wellbeing, Orientation for Happiness & Disability associated with low back pain
The present research aims to explore the affective/cognitive aspects of well-being’ effects, here considered respectively as Subjective Happiness (Lyubormirsky & Lepper, 1999) and Satisfaction with Life (Diener, Emmons, Larsen, & Griffin, 1985) over Perceived low back pain disability (Roland & Morris, 1983) in Portuguese university students and workers. Considered a serious health problem for those who live it and for the community in which they live, it is also a dysfunction responsible for high annual expenses in their treatment and in sick leave (Monteiro, 2012). In this initial stage, we intend to evaluate the role of happiness orientation (Peterson, Park, & Seligman, 2005) in the relationship between well-being (affective / cognitive) and the perception of low back pain disability. An empirical study with a quantitative nature and the application of the research protocol will be carried out in two moments, whose data collection will be structured and operationalized through the survey method using the self-administered questionnaire technique (Moreira, 2004). A structural model of relations between the studied variables will be proposed. It is intended to broaden knowledge about previous history that may contribute to the prevention of disability created from low back pain, and expanding the nomological network of the concept (Cronbach & Meehl, 1955).
ASSESSMENT OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) SEVERITY IN THE PORTUGUESE POPULATION: VALIDATION OF THE PORTUGUESE VERSION OF THE POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER CHECKLIST 5 (PCL-5).
The assessment, diagnosis and monitorization of PTSD symptoms are basic aspects for the clinical and research work of health care professionals who work in the context of mental health e trauma, especifically psychiatrists and clinical and health psychologists. With regards to PTSD assessment, there is a lack of instruments adapted, validated and updated for the Portuguese population. In addition, there is a lack of brief versions of self-report measures to use in clinical practice with the objective of screening and monitoring individuals. Within this context, two instruments developed according to the new DSM-V criteria emerge: the PCL-5 (Weathers, Litz et al., 2013), an instrument that assesses symptoms and diagnoses PTSD; and the National Stressful Events Survey PTSD Short Scale NSESSS-PTSD (Kilpatrick, Resnick & Friedman, 2013), an instrument used to identify the severity of PTSD symptoms in both the general and clinical population. This project aims to translate both instruments into Portuguese, and to validate them for the Portuguese population, with extensive usage of samples among the wider community and military. This research project will have implications for clinical practice and research in the field of PTSD contributing to assessment and diagnoses PTSD using more adequate and updated criteria, useful not only for the military population but also for the wider community as a whole.
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ABOUT SINGING GROUPS IN WELL-BEING, HEALTH AND COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING IN ADULT SENIORS
Singing is a multimodal activity that involves a physical, cognitive and psychosocial performance, and has the potential of improving the health of adult seniors in different areas capable of improving their activities and autonomy (Johnson et al., 2015). Previous studies suggest that singing is beneficial for well-being; however, the specific factors contributing for these effects remain unclear (Stewart & Lonsdale, 2016) because most studies do not allow for causal inferences. More experimental studies are needed with control groups and follow-up measures in order to infer causality and obtain more reliable results (Apóstolo, Bobrowicz- Campos, Rodrigues, Castro, & Cardoso, 2016; Johnson et al., 2015; Skingley, Clift, Coulton, & Rodriguez, 2011). In this study, we will implement and examine the effects of a group singing for adult seniors, using an experimental design with a control group, in the subjective wellbeing, psychological and social, in cognitive functioning, and in physical health (biomarkers), search for health services and perceived health. Participants will be 100 retired adult seniors (> 65 years old) randomly divided into the experimental group (n = 50) and the control group (n = 50). Intervention consists of 34 bi-weekly sessions of a singing group over a period of four months and the preparation and presentation of a musical show. Measures will be collected at baseline, at the end of the intervention, and at 4 months follow-up. We hope to find a positive effect of the program in participants’ well-being, cognitive functioning and health.